Antarctica is almost an untouched continent, that is why its pristineness can be seen. In the area where the Princess Elisabeth Station is located, it is not only the wind and sun, its primary resource is the location rich from, but also to its clean water.
Given that clean water is everywhere to be seen and collected in Antarctica, converting it to drinkable water can still also be a challenge to anyone who is on the continent. It is not as smooth sailing as like having one’s Amsterdam canal tour, nor it is not as easy as like just walking in Amsterdam zoo. As one cannot drink and endure its brain freezing coldness. This is why, for the scientists to have potable water to drink and heated water to use, the station designed a special feature, not only to provide the kind of water that the scientists need while working in the station but also to treat the water and not contribute to pollution.
Water System Process
Since glaciers and the polar desert is the primary view in the region, the lack of flowing water is the dilemma to have potable waters, that is why the snow is the primary source of water in Antarctica, be it for nutrition or hygiene. The facility has a snow melter to provide and supply the needed water by the scientists.
The station also featured an advanced water treatment system making them treat 100% of grey or black waters. The water can also be re-used by 60%. Before disposing of the used water, it is treated extensively in order not to pollute the continent, in the guidelines of the Protocol on Environment Protection to the Antarctic Treaty.
The station uses an active carbon treatment that allows them to remove varieties of compounds from the facility’s wastewater through absorption. This process makes the contaminant molecules to gather at the surface level and makes the water clean after the removal.
The station uses its thermal solar panels that transform the solar radiation to heat rather than electricity. This feature helps the facility to have zero-emission warm waters while working at the station.